Sunday, July 26, 2020

8,726,400 SOS When in South Africa

8,726,400 SOS When in South Africa *written by a 21 as a part of the 8,726,400 Seconds of Summer guest post series* For as long as I can remember I have wanted to travel the world. I remember the days when my mom would ask 7-year-old me what I wanted to be when I grew up and I would tell her about my plans to traverse the world and help people with the amazing, affordable medical technology I would design. Flash forward 11 years and not much has changed, I still want to travel the world but am now thinking of pursuing medical school. As soon as I realized I would be coming to MIT I began to delve deeper into the possible opportunities a program like MISTI could offer. Being a hopeful Course 10Eng-Biomedical and without fluency in any other language besides English I turned to one of the better suited places to do biology and chemistry research: South Africa. After emailing a couple of professors and departments at Wits University and the University of Cape Town I found a position at the Center of Biomedical TB Research at Wits University. I was thrilled, here would be my first chance to learn in a n environment completely foreign to me and see how well I could do. I arrived at 11:52 AM on June 9th, a cool but sunny day in Johannesburg. I took an uber to my Airbnb and after meeting my host and getting the run down on where I would be staying I slept for 11 hours (Jetlag is no joke). I woke up starving and freezing in a surprisingly cold South African winter and thought to myself how I, a Texan, was going to survive another winter after just barely surviving Boston’s. However, after that initial day, things began to look better almost immediately. I had gotten there a week early and spent the time exploring different parts of Johanessburg. The first day I made my way to the Apartheid Museum and after receiving my ticket granting me white privilege I got to read about the stories and struggles of people during the very recent Apartheid period. I had known about the History of South Africa but somehow sitting there and reading about it and comparing what I learned to the demographics of the country I was seeing for the first time; the history be came all too real. The next day I ventured to Constitution Hill in one of the more dangerous parts of downtown Johannesburg, where I got to see the old jail cells in the city as well as the new courthouse and learn about some of the legislature that was being put in place to mend a post apartheid country. I also visited places like the Rose Bank mall, easily rivaling the Cambridge-side Galleria in size and extravagance or the Johannesburg Zoo. Even that early on in my trip I could see clear distinctions in the variety of places I was going and the types of people I could expect to see there and it was slightly disturbing how close what many write off as “history” managed to be. My first week of work rolled around. A typical day found me up around 7:30, arriving at work around 8:45 and getting home around 5. In that first week alone I learned so much, mostly because this was my first time working in a bio lab so I knew very little in practice to begin with. However, beyond learning how to run an agarose gel and set up a PCR reaction I learned about the diversity of the country I was staying in. I caught a glimpse of it in my tour guide at Constitution Hill, a man who spoke 10 languages in a country of 11 official languages, and I continued to see that diversity everywhere I went. One thing I have really loved about my lab is the fairly even spread of different types of South Africans I have encountered. Black, white, Indian, colored, Tsonga, Zulu, Xhosa. Unlike the divisions I could so clearly see driving from my airbnb on Westcliff Dr. to work on DeKorte St., the lab had a good mix of people. I knew of the diverse and complex history of the country before I arrived and it still managed to take me by surprise. However, I found myself disappointed at how I could still see the remnants of a fierce and bitter discrimination. Obviously these separations were no longer mandated by law and not nearly as complete as they were not so long ago, but the fact of the matter is that they were still there. Maybe it bothered me so much because here I was on the African continent viewing some of the same issues I could see in America, if not worse in some ways. Then I realized I was only really shocked because mine was a plight closer to the black people of South Africa than the Native Americans of the US. I had been taught and conditioned to view the US in a specific way for so long that sometimes I forgot the land never really belonged to white people. On the otherhand, the vast majority of people I was seeing in SA were black so there was no forgetting who had been robbed of their property. At the end of the day SA and the US were shaping up to rev eal some of the same issues. I could see it in my sister’s first spotting of a white Uber driver, a month after my arrival, I could see it in the black skin of all the blue collar laborers I encountered, I could see it in the primarily white neighborhood our airbnb was located in, but I saw it most deeply on my visit to Cape Town. Imagine you arrive in Cape Town at your airbnb in Hout Bay, a fairly upper-class neighborhood. The next day as you’re driving down to the city center you see the beautiful coast to your left and the forested mountains to your right. Magnificent houses line the mountains and the whole scene is just pure beauty. Suddenly a grisly mess of metal and cardboard pops up next to the mansions and neighborhoods lined with 20, 30, 40 golf courses. It is one of the many shanty towns that litter the city of Cape Town. You sit there and you wonder, how can people live in such excess while next door someone lives in a shack? This happens all over the world, and America is no different, but I think in the US there is more of an effort to restrict the poor from making claim to land too close to the wealthy. If they are out of sight and out of mind, then people can continue on with their lives without being bothered to give people who have barely more than nothing a second thought. I found in Cape T own that there was no one stopping people from erecting their shanty towns so that they could be close to opportunities for work, and so the disparity presented itself plain as day to anyone viewing the beauty of a city. As strange as it sounds it was a refreshing sight. Everyone knows that Apartheid is over, just like Slavery ended in the US but just because an expiration date rolls around doesn’t mean the effects of all the actions prior to that date disappear as well. Here I could see that they were not in the business of putting on airs that the effects had disappeared. The country may have finally achieved democracy, but is riddled with dissatisfaction and civil unrest in the wake of Zuma’s dismal reign. These shanty towns serve as constant reminders of the dark history of a nation and will continue to until they find a way to redistribute the wealth, land and opportunity that SA has to offer. They are a constant motivation for the nation to improve and heal until one day t hey can look out to find that people need not live in those shanty towns anymore. So call me crazy, but the more I looked at these makeshift homes the more I could imagine myself living in South Africa, constantly being reminded to do and be more for the people in this world who have been written off by the mindlessness that is institutionalized discrimination. Like any country South Africa has its issues, but there was a lot to love about the country and its surrounding countries as well. My trip to the Cape of Good Hope where I got to stand in one spot and view two oceans was breathtaking. The penguins on the beach and the beauty of places like Kerstenbosch Botanical Gardens were all captivating. Viewing District Six and the Bo Kaap, a historically Muslim neighborhood with the most vibrantly colored houses I had ever seen, was interesting to learn about and walk through. Kruger National Park presented a chance to see some of the beautiful terrain of South Africa as well as the famous Big 5 and infamous Ugly 5. Elephants, lions, cheetahs, giraffes (MY FAV ?), impala so abundant that we ended up eating it for dinner one evening. Then there was the experience of a monkey actually stealing my banana at a rest stop! Most memorable of all was my trip to Zimbabwe and Zambia where I got to see Mosi-Oa-Tunya (Victoria Falls) in all its splendor bo th sitting in a pool above the falls and viewing it in the national park across from the falls. I had the chance to walk through the Zimbabwe-Zambia border and white water raft in the Zambezi river despite the fact that I can not swim. I visited Soweto, the largest township in South Africa, and rode to the top of the Orlando towers to watch people bungee jump, thinking to myself maybe next time I would be one of them. Almost everywhere I went, a ridiculous smile was stuck on my face and a laugh tickled the back of my throat because I couldn’t believe what my eyes were seeing!!! I could not comprehend the privilege that was finally allowing me to see more of the world. I had only ever been to Nigeria outside of the US and even then it had always been about visiting my huge family which often takes weeks. To be traveling without family and with no other goal than to experience as much as possible with the funds and time I was given was liberating and its an experience I would repeat without a second thought. Regardless of where you are in life, whether you’re committed or just trying to decide where you want to apply for college in the years to come, consider MISTI as a major advantage MIT has to offer. Not all schools have such ample opportunity for you to travel and learn, all expenses paid, outside of studying abroad. This is a chance for you to essentially visit anywhere in the world for free, while getting to gain experience in your potential field of research or work from a perspective you never could have imagined on your own. From what I have gathered during my year at MIT, college is all about expanding your world through the people and experiences you encounter and MISTI offers that and so much more! How much do you want to get out of these 4 or so years of your life? Are you the type of person who wants to explore the world? And most importantly how much are you willing to expand your horizons? These are all questions you should consider as you browse through what a potentia l school has to offer you so you can maximize on your personal growth. My advice to you as you near this time in your life, when people are still expecting you to make some mistakes and learn from them, is to find all the best ways to take advantage of it! And MISTI is most definetly one of those ways. Post Tagged #8726400 Seconds of Summer #Community #Elephants On Roads #South Africa

Friday, May 22, 2020

Casey Jones . Lowe. 4Th Period. 30 March 2017. Black History

Casey Jones Lowe 4th Period 30 March 2017 Black History Month Black History Month makes us learn a lot about African American history right? Well, unfortunately you are wrong. Many influential people go unrecognized such as Robert Smalls because we cannot fit him like many others in the short month of February. Myself like many other Americans of all races and ethnicities believe that Black history month is an ineffective way to learn about all of the accomplishments of African Americans. We give the children and future of our country only a month to learn about all of these accomplishments. What is even worse is we do not even tell the whole story. What is taught is a very compressed version of the whole true story. What simply makes no†¦show more content†¦Also, Smalls was a politician where he helped South Carolina get the first free and state law required public school system in America. I guarantee many people will have never even heard of him, though , because we spend all of our time learning and about people such as Martin Luth er King Jr. Now do not misunderstand me, Martin was easily one of the most influential if not the most influential African American of all time. However, I do not find it fair to someone such as Mr. Smalls who did very important and courageous tasks to go unnoticed. Also, people who oppose Black history month may be on the side where they believe that Black history month does not help end racial discrimination but rather further supports racial discrimination. People such as Morgan Freeman call the month ridiculous (Goffe), Morgan being an African American himself also stated other phrases like , You are going to regulate my history into a month, Which month is white history month, and I don t want a black history month. Black history is American history (Goffe). However, Morgan is not the only one who feels this way. Many other Americans , and also African Americans agree with Freeman. If you give white history eleven months of the year to go through and learn about; how can you only give black history one month. Black history month is a month that makes it seem blacks are almost lesser because of their skin color once again. If peopleShow MoreRelatedFundamentals of Hrm263904 Words   |  1056 PagesContinuous Improvement Programs 18 Work Proc ess Engineering 19 How HRM Can Support Improvement Programs 19 How HRM Assists in Work Process Engineering 19 Chapter 2 Fundamentals of Strategic HRM 28 Learning Outcomes 28 Introduction 30 Why Is HRM Important to an Organization? 30 DID YOU KNOW?: A Management Recap 31 The Strategic Nature 32 The HRM Functions 33 Staffing Function 34 Training and Development Function 35 Motivation Function 36 Maintenance Function 37 How External Influences Affect HRM 38 The

Friday, May 8, 2020

Dancing Baby Revelation Consideration On Notice And Take...

Dancing Baby Revelation: Consideration on Notice and Take Down Procedure under Chinese Copyright Law Qianhui Zhang Introduction On February 7, 2007, a 29-second video was uploaded onto YouTube by Stephanie Lenz. The video was about her two toddlers pushing a push-toy and â€Å"dancing† along with the song â€Å"Let’s go crazy†by Prince. â€Å"About four seconds into the video, Lenz asks her thirteen month-old son ‘what do you think of the music?’ after which he bobs up and down while holding a push toy.† As the publishing administrator of Prince, Universal Music Corporation hired Sean Johnson to review the videos for possible copyright infringing of Prince’s song. Johnson’s work was to evaluate whether Prince’s song was a major part of the video or†¦show more content†¦U.S. Copyright Act provided clear instructions of Internet behavior. ISP safe harbor was even adopted by Chinese legislature. Notice-take down procedure was one of the ways that a copyright holder can raise to protect his/her right when infringing of the right happens. However, things do not always go as people wish. â€Å"Takedowns often mask ulterior motives†, â€Å"such as business rivalry or religious bias. Copyright owners are sending takedown notifications by the millions†. â€Å"Lenz brought up a challenge to take down notifications by the support of fair use. This was the first successful, real claim attacking good-faith belief in ten years since the DMCA was enacted†. While U.S. take-down notification receivers can use fair use provision to stand up for themselves, Chinese copyright owners can file take down notifications as long as they have â€Å"(1) Name, contact information and address of the owner; (2) The names of the infringed works, performance and audio-visual products that are required to be deleted or the names of the web addresses whose link is required to be cut off; and (3) The preliminary certification materials on infringement.† Part I of this paper illustrates how U.S. and Chinese law making body solve the problem of copyright owners abusing the right to file take down notifications. In this part, the problem now existing in the Internet IP world will be unveiled. As to how each different country is dealing the problem,Show MoreRelatedStephen P. Robbins Timothy A. Judge (2011) Organizational Behaviour 15th Edition New Jersey: Prentice Hall393164 Words   |  1573 PagesCredits and acknowledgments borrowed from other source s and reproduced, with permission, in this textbook appear on the appropriate page within text. Copyright  © 2013, 2011, 2009, 2007, 2005 by Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Prentice Hall. All rights reserved. Manufactured in the United States of America. This publication is protected by Copyright, and permission should be obtained from the publisher prior to any prohibited reproduction, storage in a retrieval system, or transmission in any formRead MoreMarketing Mistakes and Successes175322 Words   |  702 PagesCourier/Westford. This book is printed on acid-free paper. Copyright  © 2009, 2006, 2004, 2001, 1998, 1995, 1992, 1989, 1986, 1981, 1976 John Wiley Sons, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, scanning or otherwise, except as permitted under Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act, without either the prior written permission of

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Teaching With Affection Teacher Student Relationship Education Essay Free Essays

string(86) " must have attention and love for accomplishing self-government and critical thought\." The affectional sphere and the emotional factors that influence in the learning procedure of a pupil have been of involvement in the field of linguistic communication instruction for a figure of old ages. However, the focal point of this research is how learning with fondness by portion of instructors can bring forth a positive impact in the studentA?s larning procedure. Several pieces of research have demonstrated that learning with fondness has a positive impact on the studentA?s larning procedure. We will write a custom essay sample on Teaching With Affection Teacher Student Relationship Education Essay or any similar topic only for you Order Now In fact the affectional relationship between the kid and the instructor has an huge impact for promoting the childrenA?s societal version and rational success at school. These thoughts are non new because a figure of research workers have stated learning with fondness encourages a positive development in the pupils through high degrees of heat and communicating. The end of this research paper is depicting how a methodological analysis based on learning with fondness can hold a positive impact in the studentA?s larning procedure in a 2nd linguistic communication. With the purpose of bash this, the research is traveling to specify what fondness and learning with fondness is, and is traveling to distinguish it from other methodological analysiss. Peoples who believed in this new methodological analysis as portion of the instruction procedure are precursors of a teaching method based on love ; hence, they need to be named as they finds and chief decisions. Internal as external factors are presented in scholars and it is indispensable have knowledge of them in order to avoid the negatives and increase the positives. Therefore, the teacher-student relationship can be understood in a better manner every bit good as the several advantages as for pupils as instructors within the school and household context. The usage of love and fondness through act ivities that are concerned in the affectional side of scholars alternatively the cognitive ; and the individual alternatively of the subject are cardinal for the pupil ‘s larning procedure in a 2nd linguistic communication. Teaching is non an easy work ; it demands clip, forbearance, attempt, and cognition. But, even though some instructors have all these constituents they do non obtain good consequences with their pupils. It was this issue that caught my attending and interested me for look intoing in a elaborate manner. It was in this manner that seeking information added to my old cognition I found the fondness given by instructors is important in the studentA?s larning procedure. The affectional relationship between person who is in charge of another has a positive impact in his/her societal and personal development. In this instance the relationship would be between the instructor in charge of the category and the pupil ; hence, such relationship would be like a parent and a kid. This connexion is rather similar to the instance of a female parent and her newborn babe. If the babe receives adequate love and fondness he will turn up healthier, he will be able to accommodate to different contexts in a better manner, and he will hold a good physical, societal, personal, and cognitive development in his life. In contrast, if this babe does non have fondness he will non hold the footing for a good development which will trip many disadvantages for his life, for that ground Ainsworth, Bowlby, Cassidy, Weinfield, Sroufe, Egeland ( 1969/1999 ) quoted by Maldonado ( 2006 ) , stated: The affectional relationship theoretical account established between the kid and the defender in a household context will go the footing of his or her socialisation procedure and the manner he or she adapts in other contexts ( for illustration, school ) ( p.2 ) Through this illustration it is possible to associate the affectional relationship between a instructor and a pupil because the fondness given by a instructor can do large alterations in the life of a kid as in the academic success as in his/her full life. Nevertheless most of the times are mentioned constructs like affectional relationship, learning with fondness, affectional interaction, but what affect means. The term affect has to make with facets of our emotional being ( Arnold, 1999 ) and in our currant yearss it can be considered as facets of emotion, feeling, attitude, and temper. Therefore, the map in which the affective sphere is portion in the acquisition procedure is cardinal for making a holistic manner to learn. Cognition used to be the most of import point for acquisition ; but today the combination of knowledge and fondness has increased the possibility of an integrative attack that is non merely concerned about head, but bosom excessively. Ernest Hilgard ( 1963 ) rec ognized acquisition and knowledge specializer states the demand for an integrative attack: â€Å" strictly cognitive theories of acquisition will be rejected unless a function is assigned to affectivity † . As a effect today we can see the knowledge and the fondness as an integrative system, where the combination of both can better the studentA?s behaviour from a comprehensive apprehension of the individual. Besides it creates a better method for larning a 2nd linguistic communication where the interaction between the instructor and the pupil is the indispensable. Interest in affectional factors, and learning through fondness is non something new. Several research workers and authors have investigated about these subjects with the purpose of bettering the manner how instructors teach. Within the most accepted research workers it is possible to call the parts of Pestalozzi, Lozanov, Montessori, Sutherland Neil, Moskowitz and many others. Although some of them did non specifically advert the fondness as a manner to learn in their Hagiographas they implicitly did. One of the precursors of this conceptualisation was Johan Pestalozzi who believed kids needed an emotionally unafraid environment and the schoolroom in bend should be like a household ; hence the classroom must possess the ambiance of a loving household. Another research worker involved in the educational issues and it had a similar overview was Alexander Sutherland Neil who stated that kids must be happy and free ; they must have attention and love for accomplishing self-government and critical thought. You read "Teaching With Affection Teacher Student Relationship Education Essay" in category "Essay examples" MoskowitzA?s thoughts of using humanistic activities with the pupils with the purpose of larning a 2nd linguistic communication were another advanced system for learning in the 20th century. Through the usage of humanistic activities she stated it is possible interrupting the ice and acquiring the pupils speaking about themselves. Such activities are cardinal for pupils who are larning a 2nd linguistic communication due to they experience motivated for pass oning something that truly affairs to them. Those ideas were revolutionists, but at the same clip they were non good seen by everybody. In malice of this, those thoughts for bettering instruction through the affectional and societal development of the pupils had come to new coevalss of instructors. The linguistic communication acquisition is really influenced by some internal factors of scholars which can further or avoid the procedure. Krashen ( 1981 ) established a theory of 2nd linguistic communication acquisition composed by five chief hypotheses. The 5th hypothesis is related to the affectional filter presented when we get a 2nd linguistic communication. He stated pupils with motive, self-esteem, and low degrees of anxiousness are much more likely to be successful in their procedure of geting a 2nd linguistic communication. On the contrary, if pupils have low degree of motive and self-pride and high degree of anxiousness will non be able to come on of course in their 2nd linguistic communication procedure. KrashenA?s hypothesis reaffirms that there are some factors that enable or perplex the possibility scholars get the linguistic communication. One of the most normally and influential factor is motive ; which can be intrinsic and extrinsic that will depend on where comes from. Intrinsic motive that comes from the scholar is important for the development of a 2nd linguistic communication because if you do non experience motivated for making something you are non traveling to make that. The extrinsic motive that comes from external factors appears as a consequence the desire of acquiring a wages or avoiding a penalty. Even though both types of motive are indispensable for prosecuting the pupils in the development of a 2nd linguistic communication, and both are complementary it seems the intrinsic motive is more meaningful for scholars. Chomsky ( 1998 ) quoted by Arnold ( 1999 ) conveyed this issue through this manner â€Å" The truth of the affair is that approximately 99 per centum of instruction is acquiring pupils interested in the stuff † ( p. 30 ) . This duality between intrinsic and extrinsic motive can complement to each other because if there is involvement for acquiring a good grade or winning something ; possibly the pupil is travelin g to be interested in larning more because he/she realizes is good making that. Therefore, from an external motive an internal motive arises. Another factor that negatively affects the learning procedure of a pupil in a 2nd linguistic communication is the anxiousness. The anxiousness is one of the affectional factors that hinder and damage the relationship between the scholar and the procedure of larning a 2nd linguistic communication. This factor is related to pessimistic feelings such as defeat, insecurity, fright, and tenseness which become dulled the teaching-learning procedure. It is non truly clear why this negative factor appears, but in the acquisition of foreign linguistic communications and 2nd languages the anxiousness is one of the factors that provoke more jobs with the pupils. Some research workers believe anxiousness emerges after a individual has been ridiculed by stating something incorrect, for case. Another possibility is the anxiousness comes from the childhood of a pupil ; hence, in that instance the scholar has a rejection for something that took topographic point in the yesteryear. In order to cut do wn the anxiousness instructors can do large attempts for diminishing the high degrees of anxiousness through love and fondness. The teacher-student relationship is cardinal in this facet because they can make environments that make pupils experience comfy in the category. Teachers can advance the self-esteem and assurance of the pupils with high degrees of anxiousness and supplying them chances for take parting in the category. Furthermore, instructors must cut down the competition within the category, they must promote their pupils through the relaxation, laugh, and merriment, and eventually they must advance pupils use positive phrases and larn to believe in themselves ( Arnold, 1999 ) . If instructors follow these straightforward procedures they can do a immense alteration at the minute their pupils face the learning procedure of a 2nd linguistic communication. Although, the involvement for look intoing the affectional relationship is non wholly new, in recent old ages research workers have been concerned in a peculiar type of affectional relationship: the teacher-student affectional relationship. Sundry of surveies have agreed the passage from the household context to the school context concentrating on the elements the kids learn and assimilate from their early relationship theoretical accounts with their basic attention givers, and the transference of these elements to relationships with others ( i.e. their equals ) in a non-familiar context ( Elicker, Englund A ; Sroufe, 1992 ; Bryant A ; DeMorris, 1992 ; Dodge, Pettit A ; Bates, 1994 ) . The function of the instructors in the school in non simply rate the studentA?s public presentation, command the subject, and to be concerned of learning the contents. Teachers besides are disquieted of the personal jobs of the pupils, their demands, and give them love and care when they require it. Therefore, instructors assume the utility function of a female parent, a male parent or a attention giving figure. The positive passage from the household context to school context will depend on the societal and affectional interaction between the kid and his/her instructor. In the first old ages and with the changeless interaction among the kid and his/her parents the kid learns a assortment of accomplishments, outlooks and motives that she/he will convey to other people. These people in the hereafter will be her/his instructors ; the most close people in the school. Pianta et. al accomplished a research in which they discovered a connexion in the security provided by the teacher-student bond and the mother-child bond, so if be a good relationship between the female parent and her kid it will hold a satisfactory fond regard between the instructor and the pupil. The first theoretical accounts kids have in their childhood can forestall negative factors such as unequal behaviour and jobs related to the societal version and success at school. Warmth and fondness occur in the context of day-to-day modus operandis, activities and interactions at the schoolroom. These qualities must be reiterated by portion of instructors due to the thought is pupils experience engaged with what they are larning. Therefore, if they see warmth and fondness in some instances and in other state of affairss they see their instructor is out of control they are non traveling to experience secure for holding a good relationship with their instructor. If there is an emotional environment and instructors willing for working with their pupils and sing their affectional side, non merely the cognitive 1 it can happen tremendous alterations with respect to the studentA?s behaviour and the academic development of them. Harmonizing to Twardosz ( 2005 ) Warmth and fondness contribute to procure relationships between kids and grownups ; supply theoretical accounts of positive, soft behaviour ; are linked with kids ‘s ability to interact positively with equals ; and can assist incorporate withdrawn kids and kids with disablements into the equal group. ( p.2 ) As a consequence learning with fondness provides several advantages for scholars sing their personal and societal development and at the same time contributes to a better relationship between the scholar and her/his instructor. At the minute to larn a 2nd linguistic communication pupils seem to hold some frights which interfere with the development of larning the mark linguistic communication. Factors that were seen before similar deficiency of motive and anxiousness may arouse a distant relationship between the pupils and the 2nd linguistic communication. As instructors do non desire a cold fond regard they must be sensitive and emotional with the procedure to learn a 2nd linguistic communication. A linguistic communication which is non the studentA?s female parent lingua can ensue hard at the beginning, particularly if scholars have had to confront a traumatic experience. ( e.g. , schoolmates ‘ gags ) . Therefore emerged an attack focused in group kineticss with the intent to better the teaching-learning procedure in foreign linguistic communications. Kurt Lewin ( 1945 ) who was coined the term group kineticss to depict the positive and negative forces within groups of people. After this, he was foc used on how group kineticss could be applied to existent universe and societal issues. The theory of group contributes to the apprehension of what happens in the schoolroom and it is potentially fruitful for the linguistic communication learning profession. Teachers who are involved with their pupils and truly desire to advance the teaching-learning procedure of a 2nd linguistic communication should be focused in the group kineticss due to they promote the studentA?s liberty and motive for larning a 2nd linguistic communication. Furthermore, they improve the deficiency of subject among the pupils. This attack is concerned chiefly in what occurs between people and how that affects what goes on inside them. It is recommended instructors who are in charge of a category dedicate clip to their pupils and the group ‘s procedures. Besides, they should utilize warm up activities with the purpose to interrupt the ice at the beginning of a class with pupils who do non cognize to each other. Furthermore, it is of import to advance the relationship among the pupils which will better the schoolroom interaction. This can be accomplished by a assortment of activities through brace and group work ; nevertheless, it is indispensable to set up some norms and regulations agreed antecedently by the pupils. Working with group kineticss have a figure of advantages as pupils as instructors. Therefore, this attack can be successfully used for learning foreign linguistic communications because of the security pupils feel at the minute to larn something new, the different parts they can do as a group of work, and the control of the category instructors can hold when they are in forepart of the category. Harmonizing to all the informations presented it seems the Pedagogy based on love has all the elements required for the betterment on studentA?s larning procedure in a 2nd linguistic communication. Lozanov set up pupils must larn in an emotional and unafraid environment from which they will in the hereafter develop their liberty. This construct is based on the development of the Suggestopedia method, one of his most of import plants. This learning method is a sort of release system where scholars feel free, relax, secure and without force per unit area to larn the mark linguistic communication. It is therefore the method is concerned chiefly in the individual, non in the content. The application of this method benefits the teaching-learning procedure every bit good as green goodss advantages in wellness and societal relationships. Lozanov and Gateva ( 1988 ) â€Å" sets up a secure environment, waits until independent behaviour begins to attest itself, and so gently nudges the schol ar into making thing entirely † ( p.216 ) . This overview tries to demo us instructors foremost should supply a comfy and unafraid environment because so pupils will be able to be independent. We can non anticipate at the beginning pupils work entirely ; hence instructors provide the footing and at that clip scholars build their cognition by themselves. The usage of a methodological analysis based on love and fondness seems harmonizing to all the information declared antecedently has a positive impact in studentA?s larning procedure in a 2nd linguistic communication. The emotional sphere takes an of import function and prevails on the cognitive sphere at the minute of acquisition ; this learning theoretical account centered in the pupils and in the environment has contributed in plentifulness at the holistic development of the scholars. The late execution and application of humanistic activities has revealed such activities supply a assortment of advantages for the pupils every bit good as the instructors. Therefore, the benefits of utilizing this sort of tool enrich both participants ; if instructors feel comfy and pleased of working in this manner they will convey this feeling to the pupils and the pupils will be willing and enthusiastic to join forces and larn. But what humanistic activities are? Moskowitz ( 1978 ) states â€Å" humanistic activities are learning linguistic communications techniques that can hold a profound consequence on the lives and personal growing of both pupils and instructors likewise, due to the peculiar ingredients they contain † . Such activities promote pupils take part in the category and larn about the remainder of their schoolmates in an optimistic mode. Surveies have demonstrated the usage of humanistic activities are valuable for learning foreign and 2nd linguistic communications due to they assist to better studentA?s behaviour, temper, and they make categories more gratifying and actuating for scholars. This state of affairs allows pupils experience relaxed and secure for larning another linguistic communication different to their female parent lingua. Harmonizing to Moskowitz ( 1978 ) quoted by Arnold ( 1999 ) : Humanist exercisings trade with heightening self-esteem, going aware of oneA?s strengths, seeing the good in others, deriving penetrations into oneself, developing closer and more hearty relationships, going witting of oneA?s feelings and values and holding a positive mentality on life. ( p.178 ) That is activities concerned in the pupil ‘s growing and in their meaningful acquisition assist them increase their self-esteem and in that manner pupils improve their academic and societal development. As a consequence of this practicum they will acquire better Markss and they will appreciate more their schoolmates, instructors, and the environment that surround them. The application of activities based on fondness inside the schoolroom it is non simply concerned in learning that facet, but fondness is combined with the contents in the appropriate minutes. This will trip pupils experience better with themselves and others, and therefore they will accomplish their ends. The relationship between the usage of humanistic activities and the procedure of larning a 2nd linguistic communication can turn really attractive if instructors learn how to pull off it. Alternatively of supplying contents that are non meaningful and relevant for the pupils instructors can seek scholars speak a bout themselves ( e.g, their experiences, ideas, dreams, feelings, values, aspirations, etc. ) . Consequently they will hold a positive image of larning a 2nd linguistic communication which entails learn about themselves and the remainder of their schoolmates utilizing the mark linguistic communication. Students will experience safe because they merely will speak about them. Some activities that Moskowitz proposes are the undermentioned: working in groups and they tell to others what things they think would do happy to the other schoolmates, besides it possible pupils in groups write in a piece of paper two qualities that they values of each of their schoolmates, so they have to read them aloud. Simple and easy activities can do a immense alteration in the pupil ‘s life and in the pupils ‘ larning procedure particularly when they learn a 2nd linguistic communication. Mozkowitz ‘ surveies corroborate the usage of humanistic activities in 2nd linguistic communication categories contribute helpfully to scholars ‘ behaviour and the fond regard with the mark linguistic communication. Teaching with fondness is a subject that combines learning what learners academically need to cognize, but at the same clip it provides them tools that will be presented the remainder of their life. A Pedagogy based on love and fondness has several advantages for the pupils as it has been reflected in this research ; learning with fondness aid to better pupil ‘s behaviour, temper and societal interaction ; it creates a peacefully and gratifying environment in which instructor and pupils feel comfy for the development of larning a 2nd linguistic communication. However, the chief intent instructors have for doing usage of this attack is pupils can increase their self-esteem and motive and they will be able to cognize more about people who is near to them in the schoolroom context like their schoolmates and instructors. The positive impact of working with the emotional sphere is important in the first ages of kids due to in that period they have the passage from their household context to the school context. Therefore, the instructor in charge of the category and the individual responsible of the pupils has a important function because he/she must supply fondness to his/her p upils for doing them experience safe and relaxed in the schoolroom. Although, this subject is relevant and meaningful for pedagogues has non been investigated in deepness and there is still a deficiency of resources sing the country. For future probes with respect to the teacher-student relationship and the usage of love and fondness as manner to learn I would propose traveling into item of how can teachers become emotional with their pupils without a old readying in their instruction as instructors. Besides, how can a teacher learning with fondness and non be seen as a weak pedagogue is a topic really relevant presents. How to cite Teaching With Affection Teacher Student Relationship Education Essay, Essay examples

Tuesday, April 28, 2020

What is the Difference Between a Cosmetologist and an Esthetician Essay Essay Example

What is the Difference Between a Cosmetologist and an Esthetician? Essay Paper Although a cosmetologist ( with the right preparation ) is sometimes besides an esthetician. an esthetician is non normally a cosmetologist. That’s because cosmetology incorporates general attention for hair. tegument. and nails whereas esthetics. as a calling. is entirely about specialised tegument attention. Licensed estheticians. in general. have received more advanced preparation than cosmetologists in assorted facial beauty interventions. make-up application. full-body tegument interventions. and hair remotion techniques. They frequently earn enfranchisements in particular processs such as micropigmentation ( I. e. . elusive facial tattooing like lasting eyeliner ) . chemical resurfacing. microdermabrasion ( mechanical remotion of skin imperfectnesss ) . and electrolysis. Estheticians are besides sometimes more involved in supplying certain massage services such as reflexology. In many provinces. you must obtain separate licences ( and preparation ) for cosmetology and esthetics. Where Can a Cosmetologist Work? Most cosmetologists work in stand-alone hair and beauty salons. However. callings in cosmetology can besides affect employment at watering place. hotels. resorts. and residential attention places. We will write a custom essay sample on What is the Difference Between a Cosmetologist and an Esthetician? Essay specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We will write a custom essay sample on What is the Difference Between a Cosmetologist and an Esthetician? Essay specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We will write a custom essay sample on What is the Difference Between a Cosmetologist and an Esthetician? Essay specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer Of class. many experient cosmetologists are freelance and take to work from place. Some even offer nomadic beauty services. going to their clients’ locations to execute hair. tegument. or nail interventions. What are the Benefits of Bing a Cosmetologist? To give you an thought of what this challenging and honoring profession can offer you. here are some grounds why cosmetology is such a popular calling pick: Satisfaction—The assurance that you can give your clients by assisting them look their best can besides ensue in a great feeling of personal fulfilment and achievement for yourself. Versatility—Due to the broad scope of beauty services offered in today’s watering place and salons. skilled cosmetologists with up-to-date preparation can hold many options within their callings. Portability—As long as you meet the necessary licensing demands. you can work wheresoever you choose. Cosmetology accomplishments are portable. Opportunity—Once equipped with practical experience. cosmetologists can go freelance with small disbursal compared to other Fieldss. Variety—Cosmetology gives you the chance to meet—and delight—a broad assortment of people. Plus. your regular. long-run clients can easy turn into long-run friends. Interactivity—If you thrive in a societal environment and bask interacting with others. so cosmetology is one of the few calling Fieldss that can let you to make that most of the twenty-four hours. every twenty-four hours. Creativity—You can be rewarded for utilizing your artistic endowments and remaining on top of current manner and design tendencies. Viability—Cosmetologists provide services that must be done locally. so they are protected from the tendency of abroad outsourcing. This might non look like a spot trade. but. in today’s universe. this is an of import point to see as you think about your hereafter. How Much Does a Cosmetologist Make a Year? â€Å"Salary† isn’t needfully the most appropriate term to depict the fiscal compensation of most cosmetologists. This is because cosmetology rewards are normally based on an hourly rate. on committee from each service provided. or both. In add-on. cosmetologists on a regular basis earn tips from clients of between 10 to 20 per centum on their services ( 15 per centum is customary in many topographic points ) . And. a cosmetology wage can besides include ample committees from selling hair attention and beauty merchandises. So. how much does a cosmetologist make a twelvemonth? Based on national estimations from May 2012. the typical one-year rewards of non-self-employed cosmetologists break down this manner: * Median rewards were $ 22. 700 ( before tips and gross revenues committees ) . The highest-earning 10 per centum made $ 42. 360 or more ( before tips and gross revenues committees ) . The lowest-earning 10 per centum made $ 16. 850 or less ( before tips and gross revenues committees ) . Higher Gaining Potential When everything is added up. a cosmetologist wage is frequently much more than what is reflected in the above statistics. And even though it can take a small clip to accomplish the same net incomes as a seasoned cosmetology professional. the gaining power of new cosmetologists increases as they gain experience. better their accomplishments. and turn their patronage. Some salons besides offer benefits such as paid holiday and wellness insurance. Experienced cosmetologists besides have the potency to gain far more than the above by going freelance or having their ain salons. Do I Need to Get a Cosmetology License or Meet Any Other Requirements? The short reply is yes. All provinces in the U. S. require cosmetologists to be licensed. but the specific demands vary from province to province. How you go about going a accredited cosmetologist will depend wholly on the ordinances in the country in which you plan to work. Before prosecuting a calling in cosmetology. it’s of import to understand what demands and ordinances may be relevant to you. Here are some things to see: Training Requirements Most provinces presently require a minimal figure of preparation hours or credits to be earned from a state-approved cosmetology school before you can measure up for a licence. A few provinces give you the option of having your preparation from either an sanctioned beauty school or through an apprenticeship. The figure of hours you must gain through an apprenticeship. nevertheless. is normally approximately double the figure required from cosmetology school. Most provinces require you to be at least 16-years-old and have a high school sheepskin or GED in order to measure up for a cosmetology licence. Most beauty schools besides require this before you can get down developing. Some high schools. nevertheless. have their ain vocational plans for cosmetology. Licensing Exams Once you have fulfilled the demand for preparation hours. you must go through province licensing scrutinies. In most provinces. that means go throughing two exams—1 ) a written trial and 2 ) either a practical accomplishments trial or an unwritten test. The written test from province boards of cosmetology frequently include capable countries such as infection control ( personal hygiene. sanitation. and sterilisation ) . safety safeguards. haircutting. hairstyling. hair colourising and related chemicals. professional moralss. general anatomy and physiology. province Torahs and ordinances. basic rules of electricity ( since cosmetologists must utilize many different types of electrical devices safely ) . scalp upsets. salon direction. tegument attention rules. and nail attention rudimentss. The practical accomplishments exams by and large require the usage of a manikin. but a few provinces may necessitate that you use a unrecorded theoretical account alternatively. It varies by province. but the accomplishments you must successfully show can include processs such as shampooing. draping. hair determining. haircutting. thermic curling. puting pin coils and rollers. moisture hairstyling. weaving. chemical beckoning. blow-dry styling. hair colourising and retouching. chemical relaxing. thermic straightening. executing a basic seventh cranial nerve. managing salon accidents. executing a basic manicure. eyebrow curving. and using make-up. License Renewal and Moving to Other States Some provinces require that you sporadically regenerate your cosmetology licence. This might intend carry throughing specific go oning instruction demands. If you are licensed in one province and decide to travel to another 1 to work. you will necessitate to look into the ordinances of the province you are traveling to. In most instances. your cosmetology licence will non merely reassign over. You may be required to obtain extra preparation hours in your new province or base on balls that state’s tests. Can You State Me How to Become a Cosmetologist ( and Succeed ) ? If you want to cognize how to go a cosmetologist. so it is imperative that you foremost understand the licensing demands of the province in which you intend to work. In most instances. that will get down with selecting and go toing a beauty school. In other instances. you might hold the option of prosecuting an apprenticeship alternatively. Regardless of how you receive your cosmetology preparation. that’s where it all starts. But to give yourself the best shooting at a successful calling. it’s utile to maintain a figure of things in head. Here are some of them: Choosing a School Not all beauty schools teach all facets of cosmetology every bit. For illustration. some schools focus more on hair and include less preparation in tegument and nail attention. Expression for a beauty school with a course of study that’s in line with what you’re interested in larning approximately. The more services you are able to execute. the more employment chances you are likely to hold. For case. you are likely to earn more involvement if you combine your cosmetology licence with a licence in something like massage therapy or esthetics. So see a school that can assist you accomplish this. Choosing for an Apprenticeship If your province allows it and you choose to seek an apprenticeship as an option to go toing beauty school. you would so necessitate to: Find a accredited maestro cosmetologist who is willing to learn you. Buy your books and supplies and do any necessary bookwork on your ain. You could believe of it as autonomous acquisition. See that some apprenticeships allow you to gain a payroll check while you learn. This is of import to maintain in head when you’re looking for available places. Be willing to put more clip. By and large. apprenticeships take much longer than school to fix you for province licensing exams—as much as two to three times longer. Geting into the Workforce While in school. you should web with as many experienced beauty professionals as possible. Knowing a assortment of stylists. estheticians. massage healers. and others can pay off large subsequently on when you are looking for work. Research possible employers. You can frequently descry a good one by looking for things such as whether it is a member of the Professional Beauty Association ( PBA ) . whether it has a go oning instruction fund. and whether it offers paid holiday and wellness insurance to its employees. Some salons will prove your accomplishments before engaging you. So it’s a good thought to line up some friends and household who are willing to move as your unrecorded theoretical accounts for showing one or more designated cosmetology processs. As a freshly licensed cosmetologist. you may desire to obtain a place as an â€Å"apprentice† or â€Å"stylist assistant† at a big high-end salon so that you have the opportunity to detect and larn from a good assortment of complete cosmetologists. Progressing in Your Cosmetology Career Early in your calling. it is best to seek and remain in one location with one employer for at least a few old ages. You need to set up a stable base of your ain regular clients. which can take clip. Stay on top of the latest cosmetology tendencies and techniques by seeking new advanced preparation every twelvemonth or every bit frequently as you can. Many cosmetologists find that their work becomes the most rewarding ( personally and financially ) when they are able to have their ain concerns. Once you’ve attracted a big and loyal patronages and obtained a direction licence ( if it’s required in your province ) . you may be in a good topographic point to get down your ain cosmetology concern. To assist countervail some of the startup and operating costs of establishing your ain concern. see teaming up with another professional ( an esthetician or massage healer. for illustration ) who can complement the services you offer and portion the costs. How Long is Cosmetology School? Because they are non wholly created equal. the length of plans offered by beauty schools can change significantly. Plus. a batch depends on the ordinances of your province and how many preparation hours are required in order to measure up for a cosmetology licence. So. how long is cosmetology school? Most full cosmetology plans ( those that include developing in hair. tegument. and nails ) take nine months to one twelvemonth to finish. In some provinces. it is possible to obtain a licence for merely tegument or nails. That means. if you don’t desire to make hair. you could conceivably go to a beauty school to go a skin attention specializer or nail technician and pass merely four months or less in preparation. How Much is Cosmetology School? The cost of cosmetology school depends a batch on location and the type of establishment. Beauty schools tend to be more expensive in urban scenes than in rural countries. But that isn’t ever the instance. So. how much is cosmetology school? Cosmetology school tuition typically ranges from about $ 5. 000 to $ 20. 000 for a full cosmetology plan ( with some schools bing significantly more or less ) . Some cosmetology schools include the cost of books and supplies as portion of the tuition. However. this varies from school to school. so it’s a good thought to look into with possible schools before inscribing. Many beauty schools have grant plans for originative and motivated pupils. Plus. other types of fiscal assistance ( such as pupil loans ) are normally available for those who qualify. What Can I Expect to Learn in Beauty School? Beauty school is seen as a rite of transition by many cosmetologists—one that is both merriment and disputing. Most beauty schools teach the basicss of cosmetology—enough to fix you to go through province licensing tests. Many beauty schools besides set policies for attending. frock codification. and promptness. They want their pupils prepared to stand out in the occupation market. That means they focus on more than merely larning how to execute hair. tegument. or nail processs ; they besides encourage personal subject so that pupils will be early to work. clean their Stationss. and maintain high degrees of professionalism long after they graduate. In add-on to schoolroom survey. many beauty schools besides have their ain on-site salons where pupils can pattern their accomplishments on existent clients ( who pay discounted monetary values for the services ) . The existent course of study used by many cosmetology schools is the same as. or really similar to. what is found in Milady’s Standard Cosmetology textbooks. A full cosmetology plan by and large includes the undermentioned topics:

Thursday, March 19, 2020

Rant on Teenage Love Essays

Rant on Teenage Love Essays Rant on Teenage Love Paper Rant on Teenage Love Paper In today’s society, teenage love is looked upon as a subject for many different opinions. Most adults assume that teenagers are immature to understand love. As a teenager, I believe that everyone in this world is capable to love no matter how old they are. Love for family and friends are no different from the love we have towards another individual. However relationships between two teenagers are often negatively judged by others. I strongly agree that humanity was made to love at no particular age. I dont see how age has anything to do with maturity either. Ive seen plenty of adults who have no wisdom and make more mistakes then the average teenager. Love is a human quality that all individual needs and is something we cannot live without in this world. Adults commonly stand against teenage love because they most likely have fallen in love as teenagers and got their hearts broken. Now as adults, they wish that someone had told them the consequences that they are trying to tell us now. It’s likely that most adults have made mistakes in love when they were teenagers that they can never go back and fix and therefore feel empathy for teenagers. Adults are often projecting their own losses and fears onto teenage relationships. Teenagers need experiences in love to help them understand more about what love truly is. If we go through unsuccessful relationships, it will help strengthen us physically, mentally and emotionally. I also trust that relationships will lead us to make better choices in the future. â€Å"The important thing is this: to be able, at any moment, to sacrifice what we are for what we could become. † Maharishi Mahesh Yogi. This quote establishes that love is about sacrificing and receiving knowledge in return. Most adults who are against teenage love are parents who have teenagers. These parents may not be prepared for their child to be in a relationship because they are over-protective. There’s nothing wrong with protecting your child however when you are over-protective, it may cause negative effects. For instance, some parents undermine their children’s confidence in their own abilities to take care of themselves and get things done. As well, adults who are over-protective are actually encouraging their child’s fear of failure such that they are denied the chance to learn how to persevere. I dont think that being overprotective really does teenagers any favors as far as how we’ll survive in the real world when we grow up and dont have their parents with us all the time. We will have to make decisions for ourselves. In other words, teenagers need these chances to experience more in and around love. Love is a beautiful thing that everyone should be encouraged to experience. Teenagers should not be held back from love because of our age or others and their opinions.

Tuesday, March 3, 2020

What Everyone Should Know About World War I

What Everyone Should Know About World War I World War I was an extremely bloody war that engulfed Europe from 1914 to 1919, with huge losses of life and little ground lost or won. Fought mostly by soldiers in trenches, World War I saw an estimated 10 million military deaths and another 20 million wounded. While many hoped that World War I would be the war to end all wars, in actuality, the concluding peace treaty set the stage for World War II. Dates: 1914-1919 Also Known As: The Great War, WWI, the First World War The Start of World War I The spark that started World War I was the assassination of Austrias Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife Sophie. The assassination occurred on June 28, 1914, while Ferdinand was visiting the city of Sarajevo in the Austro-Hungarian province of Bosnia-Herzegovina. Although Archduke Franz Ferdinand, the nephew of Austrias emperor and heir-apparent to the throne, was not very well liked by most, his assassination by a Serb nationalist was viewed as a great excuse to attack Austria-Hungarys troublesome neighbor, Serbia. However, instead of reacting quickly to the incident, Austria-Hungary made sure they had the backing of Germany, with whom they had a treaty before they proceeded. This gave Serbia time to get the backing of Russia, with whom they had a treaty. The calls for back-up didnt end there. Russia also had a treaty with France and Britain. This meant that by the time Austria-Hungary officially declared war on Serbia on July 28, 1914, an entire month after the assassination, much of Europe had already become entangled in the dispute. At the start of the war, these were the major players (more countries joined the war later): Allied Forces (a.k.a. the Allies): France, the United Kingdom, RussiaCentral Powers: Germany and Austria-Hungary Schlieffen Plan vs. Plan XVII Germany didnt want to fight both Russia in the east and France to the west, so they enacted their long-standing Schlieffen Plan. The Schlieffen Plan was created by Alfred Graf von Schlieffen, who was the chief of the German general staff from 1891 to 1905. Schlieffen believed that it would take about six weeks for Russia to mobilize their troops and supplies. So, if Germany placed a nominal number of soldiers in the east, the majority of Germanys soldiers and supplies could be used for a quick attack in the west. Since Germany was facing this exact scenario of a two-front war at the beginning of World War I, Germany decided to enact the Schlieffen Plan. While Russia continued to mobilize, Germany decided to attack France by going through neutral Belgium. Since Britain had a treaty with Belgium, the attack on Belgium officially brought Britain into the war. While Germany was enacting its Schlieffen Plan, the French enacted their own prepared plan, called Plan XVII. This plan was created in 1913 and called for quick mobilization in response to a German attack through Belgium. As German troops moved south into France, French and British troops tried to stop them. At the end of the First Battle of the Marne, fought just north of Paris in September 1914, a stalemate was reached. The Germans, who had lost the battle, had made a hasty retreat and then dug in. The French, who couldnt dislodge the Germans, also dug in. Since neither side could force the other to move, each sides trenches became increasingly elaborate. For the next four years, the troops would fight from these trenches. A War of Attrition From 1914 to 1917, soldiers on each side of the line fought from their trenches. They fired artillery onto the enemys position and lobbed grenades. However, each time military leaders ordered a full-fledged attack, the soldiers were forced to leave the safety of their trenches. The only way to overtake the other sides trench was for the soldiers to cross No Mans Land, the area between the trenches, on foot. Out in the open, thousands of soldiers raced across this barren land in the hopes of reaching the other side. Often, most were hewn down by machine-gun fire and artillery before they even got close. Because of the nature of trench warfare, millions of young men were slaughtered in the battles of World War I. The war quickly became one of attrition, which meant that with so many soldiers being killed daily, eventually, the side with the most men would win the war. By 1917, the Allies were starting to run low on young men. The U.S. Enters the War and Russia Gets Out The Allies needed help and they were hoping that the United States, with its vast resources of men and materials, would join on their side. However, for years, the U.S. had clung to their idea of isolationism (staying out of other countries problems). Plus, the U.S. just didnt want to be involved in a war that seemed so far away and that didnt seem to affect them in any great way. However, there were two major events that changed American public opinion about the war. The first occurred in 1915 when a German U-boat (submarine) sunk the British ocean liner RMS Lusitania. Considered by Americans to be a neutral ship that carried mostly passengers, Americans were furious when the Germans sank it, especially since 159 of the passengers were Americans. The second was the Zimmermann Telegram. In early 1917, Germany sent Mexico a coded message promising portions of U.S. land in return for Mexico joining World War I against the United States. The message was intercepted by Britain, translated, and shown to the United States. This brought the war to U.S. soil, giving the U.S. a real reason to enter the war on the side of the Allies. On April 6, 1917, the United States officially declared war on Germany. The Russians Opt Out As the United States was entering World War I, Russia was getting ready to get out. In 1917, Russia became swept up in an internal revolution that removed the czar from power. The new communist government, wanting to focus on internal troubles, sought a way to remove Russia from World War I. Negotiating separately from the rest of the Allies, Russia signed the Brest-Litovsk peace treaty with Germany on March 3, 1918. With the war in the east ended, Germany was able to divert those troops to the west in order to face the new American soldiers. Armistice and the Versailles Treaty The fighting in the west continued for another year. Millions more soldiers died, while little land was gained. However, the freshness of the American troops made a huge difference. While the European troops were tired from years of war, the Americans remained enthusiastic. Soon the Germans were retreating and the Allies were advancing. The end of the war was near. At the end of 1918, an armistice was finally agreed upon. The fighting was to end on the 11th hour of 11th day of the 11th month (i.e. 11 am on Nov. 11, 1918). For the next several months, diplomats argued and compromised together in order to come up with the Versailles Treaty. The Versailles Treaty was the peace treaty that ended World War I; however, a number of its terms were so controversial that it also set the stage for World War II. The carnage left behind by the end of World War I was staggering. By the end of the war, an estimated 10 million soldiers were killed. That averages to about 6,500 deaths a day, every day. Plus, millions of civilians were also killed. World War I is especially remembered for its slaughter for it was one of the bloodiest wars in history.